Monday, April 23, 2012
After failing to cooperate with the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1947, successful screenwriter Dalton Trumbo was blacklisted in Hollywood. This documentary details Trumbo's life through personal letters, interviews and archival footage. Well-known actors such as Joan Allen, Brian Dennehy, Paul Giamatti, David Strathairn, Donald Sutherland and others lend their voices to readings of Dalton Trumbo's personal letters.
Excellent documentary on the legendary blacklisted writer, his unyielding beliefs, his cantankerous personality, and most importantly his words. His letters are read by terrific actors like David Straithairn and Donald Sutherland, and it¿s in these readings that we get an insight into how sad America¿s fear of intellectuals and artists really is. The film has flaws, including glossing over or rushing through way some of the most important turns in Trumbo¿s professional life (e.g., his return to finally being able to take credit for his work in 1960) and there¿s a slight lack of emotional punch to the whole thing. But this is intelligent filmmaking, and Trumbo¿s words will ring in my head for a long time
A striking moment was in the HUAC hearings, when the chairman sarcastically responded to Trumbo, demanding to be presented with evidence of the crime he had supposedly committed: Oh you want to see the evidence, do you. And the people in the committee room erupted with derisive laughter. In the long run, who will be remembered with affection and gratitude, the Nixons and Hoovers and McCarthys or the Trumbos of this world? It is certainly clear beyond the shadow of a doubt who will have the last word. Many words. Words that the forces of conformism, repression, and hysteria would erase from history, if they could. - Trumbo was of course and necessarily guilty of subversion. You have to subvert that which is trying to keep you obedient and subservient to, and fearful of, an unjust and undeserving authority. It will always be remembered that Dalton Trumbo, a rather meek scribbler, a non-violent, thinking human being, stood his ground, did not name names, did not rat on his friends, did not knuckle under to the pressures of the persecutory mob mentality, that fostered an atmosphere of hysteria in America, and that extended its obscene reach even into the public schools,
where it ostracized children. And it will just as assuredly be remembered that he paid the price for his principles, enduring imprisonment, poverty, exile, and the suspension of a brilliant career. Hemingway said: When they want to get you, they get you. And yet it has also been said: You cant keep a good man down. He wrote scripts incognito, using made-up names, even winning an Oscar while on the blacklist! The dawn finally arrived when Kirk Douglas and Otto Preminger insisted that Trumbo be given credit for the screenplays of two of Hollywoods classic films. Now thats a Hollywood ending!
Documentaries about a single person are often hagiographic, elevating the subject's qualities at the expense of examining his evident shortcomings; this film is no different, but in this case the filmmaker gets a pass. The failings of Dalton Trumbo, if you can call them that, were thrust upon him from without, by the U.S. government in its HUAC witch-hunts of communists in Hollywood during the 1950s, which found him, along with nine others screenwriters and producers, of contempt of Congress and sentenced to one year in prison. They refused to name names. The filmmaker's conceit of employing actors to perform staged readings of excerpts from Trumbo's vast correspondence is particularly inventive -- don't miss the letter Nathan Lane reads! -- in finding a way to dramatically express the personal and political passions that got him into trouble. These letters also reveal the qualities - intelligence, humor, insistence on principle - of a good writer and of a good, if curmudgeonly, citizen. Not knowing much about Trumbo before seeing this film, afterwards I don't think I'll forget him.
The first review is suspicious. It smells of sulphur. It would good to see complete documentation of his allegations. Regardless, art doesn’t require perfect people. So look beyond the dogmatic and ask him who’s without sin to throw his stones around. The fact is Trumbo was one of the greatest script writers of all time, and his dedication to the downtrodden, oppressed, wretched of the earth was unswerving. SPARTACUS; THE BRAVE ONE; PAPILLON; THE SANDPIPER, all testify to a tremendous genius. See the movie, it’s superb.
We caught this on PBS just a couple weeks ago, and I'm glad to see it's available on DVD now. Reading some of the reviews here, I was astonished to hear that some people were unaware of who Dalton Trumbo was! I guess I'm showing my age, but I'm old enough to remember the blacklist. Trumbo's story (and the story of his heroic colleagues and the not-so-heroic studio bosses) is one that needs to be told and retold. It could happen again. Passages from his work and letters are read by a stable of famous actors (your chance to play "name that actor"), and the results are often profoundly moving and occasionally hilarious (the letter Nathan Lane reads is the high point). Watch this, then go watch some of the movies he wrote.
This is an outstanding piece, only in that it shows how poorly our Government allows piss ant politicians "carte Blanche" to ruin peoples careers and lives all because of Patriotism. I could have done without the melodramatic effects from some of the "Actors", but a few of their recitals drove home a strong message. Dalton Trumbo needs to be heard...his story and what he and his family suffered needs to be examined. I was moved by his letter to the School board, concerning his daughter .....
This film is a fitting tribute to the courage of Trumbo and his colleges. Courage of conviction is one of the most honorable traits humans can aspire to in this brief mortal coil. The tragedy is that we as a country have not learned from this cautionary tale. Indeed, the term witch-hunt persists as a common tactic perpetrated by the fearful and paranoid right wing faction of this country since it's genocidal inception. The reading of Trumbo's works were inspiring. And as a side note... Donald is far beyond his son in the craft.
Oh, those dark Hollywood days of blacklisting! So many talented ones stripped of their livelihood and others even imprisoned! I felt so sorry for Trumbo and his family! Thank goodness this prolific writer continued to hone his literary skills under other names, and even won an academy award which he could only claim many years later
Of all the questions and conundrums raised by this documentary, the least relevant to me is the question of whether Trumbo was a Communist or whether he helped the FBI track down war protestors in WWII. (A simple search online tells us he was briefly a member of the Communist party, and that to his regret, he did pass on some correspondence from pro-Nazi fans during the war; certainly no one is nominating the man for sainthood.) The relevant issue is not what Trumbo believed, but the assertion of Trumbo and the rest of the Hollywood Ten that as Americans protected by the Constitution, they had the fundamental right to free speech and assembly, and that was not limited to the RIGHT speech and the RIGHT associations as decided by Congress. Trumbo is an excellent window on the matter, as he's wonderfully unrepentant to the end, but it's the view that ultimately matters: of open mockery by politicians of the First Amendment in the halls of Congress, of adult-sponsored bullying of the children of political undesirables, of state internment of politically liberal and 'wrong-thinking' people. (Appropriate, as Congress passes NDAA and we prepare to repeat our mistakes...) He's an eloquent window on evil times, when politicians forgot the principles young men had fought and died for less than a decade earlier.
Looking back into the McCarthey era I can't help but think about the present day impending "enemy of the state" paranoia of our elected officials passing law to "disappear" US citizens and strike a fatal blow into the heart of our Bill of Rights and Constitution. Mr. Trumbo was blacklisted but was able to go underground to make a living and feed his family via his ranch. Todays Mr. Trumbo would be insnared into a technocontrol grid so vast that survival would elude him (us). Every comment and pix on Facebook, blog, indeed this writing would be used to coerce a conviction. Google street cameras, GPS phones, RFID technology, smart meters, drones all bring pressure to bare. In the digital age mortgages, bank accounts, credit card denial of service would not allow for Mr. Trumbo's safety net to save him. The real powers behind the HUAC have learned well from their previous experiments to socially engineer society to the point that unless you agree to indentured servitude you will be wiped off the face of the Earth. With the impending collapse of the economy perpetrated on us by the Federal Reserve Banks causing inflation and tax burden, a Louisiana government official is now thinking to ask the US military to keep order (Martial law) to arrrest US citizens in the state. This corresponds with the requests for quotes by the DOD to find contractors to man all the FEMA camps throughout the USA. The end game senario is much more fatalistic then the real life and times of Dalton Trumbo.
It is a viewpoint of a gifted American writer, whose movies I've enjoyed since childhood. His interviews are wonderful, though I must agree with others that the actors did fawn over him like giddy schoolgirls. Like his movies, you feel good things about him and you feel for him. You wish you would be found his friend in spite of the costs. Like Walter Mathau's character in "Lonely are the Brave," you want to let him go free. But like that movie, Trumbo's life is a complex view of freedom, which isn't free of natural consequence. Trumbo may have warned against hero worship when he stated in an interview in this piece that on both sides there was good and bad. I suspect he was talking about himself as well as others. The documentary does well to reveal the bad on the side of those who named names, those producers who enforced a blacklist, and the 53rd Congress who forced people into a horrible choice. It doesn't speak enough about all those Americans who mistakenly did tote the Communist party line in the 30s and 40s. A 1941Time magazine book review is critical of a work by Trumbo as doing just that, pushing propaganda. Are the accusations true that he worked to discourage writers, books, movies and attitudes that opposed anything Stalinesque? Did he pressure a writer to recant? If those accusations are true, he was not someone who put freedom of speech above all else. Heads of Hollywood knew he was gifted, but did they also know he was influencing the culture to support a foreign power which abhors individual freedoms?The story is complex and hero worship unsuitable. A simple university student will be satisfied with a story of witch hunts and those who stand alone against evil because there is a good side and bad side. For a movie lover, I am left living with a Kazan who is not completely bad, and a Trumbo who is not completely good. I'll always enjoy their movies. Do watch this documentary.
One previous reviewer wrote: "Documentaries about a single person are often hagiographic, elevating the subject's qualities at the expense of examining his evident shortcomings; this film is no different." That comment is spot on. But this next statement, from the same review, I will disagree with: "but in this case the filmmaker gets a pass." I disagree because, while Dalton Trumbo is no-doubt a brave man for standing up to the bullies of HUAC, and a very worthy subject for a documentary, this movie is not really concerned with the Red Scare and mentions it almost in passing -- maybe 20 minutes out of the 96 are concerned with it. Rather, this documentary seems much more interested in building Trumbo up as a type of humanistic literary mastermind, and to this end becomes a boring, pedantic and sermonizing agitprop. For instance, the film tells the story of Trumbo's life using famous actors performing Trumbo's personal letters. This is a very disingenuous exploitation of Trumbo's work -- undoubtedly the Producers of this film hope to cash in on the names of these famous stars to attract an audience to a documentary about a little known screenwriter, because they don't feel Trumbo's brave actions during the Red Scare will sell enough DVDs on its own. In a particularly egregious offense, a very over-the-top performance by Nathan Lane of a humorous letter by Trumbo to his son about a certain solitary activity of the male species, is a particularly crude abuse of Trumbo's legacy. I greatly respect Trumbo and his ideals, among which I believe privacy was certainly one, something the people who made this documentary know nothing about. But then again, they're in Hollywood, right?
One of the best documentaries I've seen, and probably due to the incredible heart of the piece. Trumbo, one of the most prominent men to be dashed by the red scare in the 40's and 50's, and a perfect case study in investigating the horrors of the process and the power that our government has over our personal lives. The actors take up his writings and perform them well, giving us personality that cannot be found on the reels of his life. Trumbo is a hilarious, incredibly intelligent, and powerful personage and his tale is one that must be seen. You will find yourself frustrated with our system, while also buoyed that the human spirit is indomitable and that the right can eventually win. And you'll get to see what incredible films Trumbo had a hand in. If you have the hankering for a documentary, put this at the top of your list.
Cast:Dalton Trumbo, Michael Douglas, Donald Sutherland, Liam Neeson, Paul Giamatti, Josh Lucas, David Strathairn, Joan Allen, Danny Glover, Brian Dennehy, Nathan LaneDirector:Peter AskinGenres:Documentaries, Biographical Documentaries, Political Documentaries, Social & Cultural DocumentariesThis movie is:InspiringAvailability:Streaming
James Dalton Trumbo (December 9, 1905 – September 10, 1976) was an American screenwriter and novelist. As one of the Hollywood Ten, he refused to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) in 1947 during the committee's investigation of Communist influences in the motion picture industry. Trumbo won two Academy Awards while blacklisted; one was originally given to a front writer, and one was awarded to Robert Rich, Trumbo's pseudonym.
Blacklisting effectively ended in 1960 when it lost credibility. Trumbo was publicly given credit for two blockbuster films: Otto Preminger made public that Trumbo wrote the screenplay for the smash hit, Exodus, and Kirk Douglas publicly announced that Trumbo was the screenwriter of Spartacus. Further, President-elect John F. Kennedy crossed picket lines to see the movie.
His son Christopher Trumbo wrote a play based on his letters during the period of the blacklist, entitled Red, White and Blacklisted (2003), produced in New York in 2003. He adapted it as a film, adding material from documentary footage, Trumbo (2007).
On December 19, 2011, The Writers Guild of America announced that Trumbo will get full credit for his work on the screenplay of the 1953 romantic comedy Roman Holiday, sixty years after the fact.
1 Early life
Early lifeTrumbo was born in Montrose, Colorado, the son of Maud (née Tillery) and Orus Bonham Trumbo, and his family moved to Grand Junction in 1908. He was proud of his paternal ancestor, a Franco-Swiss immigrant Jacob Trumbo (likely anglicized spelling), who settled in the colony of Virginia in 1736. Trumbo graduated from Grand Junction High School. While still in high school, he worked as a cub reporter for the Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, covering courts, the high school, the mortuary and civic organizations. He attended the University of Colorado at Boulder for two years, working as a reporter for the Boulder Daily Camera and contributing to the campus humor magazine, the yearbook and the campus newspaper. He was also a member of Delta Tau Delta International Fraternity.
For nine years after his father died, he worked the night shift wrapping bread at a Los Angeles bakery, attended USC, reviewed some movies, wrote 88 short stories and six novels that were rejected for publication.
Trumbo got his professional start working for Vogue magazine.
In 1934 he became a reader in the story department at Warner Brothers studio.
His first published novel, Eclipse (1935), about a town and its people, was written in the social realist style and drew on his years in Grand Junction. The book was controversial in Grand Junction and many people were unhappy with his portrayal. Years after his death, he would be honored with a statue in front of the Avalon Theater on Main Street, where he was depicted writing a screenplay in a bathtub.
He started in movies in 1937 and became one of Hollywood's highest paid writers at about $4000 per week while on assignment, as much as $80,000 in one year. He worked on such films as Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo (1944), Our Vines Have Tender Grapes (1945), and Kitty Foyle (1940), for which he was nominated for an Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay.
Trumbo's 1939 anti-war novel, Johnny Got His Gun won one of the early National Book Awards: the Most Original Book of 1939. It was inspired by an article Trumbo read several years earlier, concerning the Prince of Wales hospital visit to a Canadian soldier who had lost all his limbs in World War I.
3 Involvement with communism
Involvement with communismTrumbo aligned himself with the Communist Party USA before the 1940s, although he did not join the party until 1943. After the outbreak of World War II in 1939, American communists argued that the United States should not get involved in the war on the side of the United Kingdom, since the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact of nonaggression meant that the Soviet Union was at peace with Germany.
In 1941, Trumbo wrote a novel The Remarkable Andrew, in which, in one scene, the ghost of Andrew Jackson appears in order to caution the United States not to get involved in the war. In a review of the book, Time Magazine wrote, "General Jackson's opinions need surprise no one who has observed George Washington and Abraham Lincoln zealously following the Communist Party Line in recent years."
Shortly after the 1941 German invasion of the Soviet Union, Trumbo and his publisher decided to suspend reprinting of Johnny Got His Gun until the end of the war. During the war, Trumbo received letters from individuals "denouncing Jews" and using Johnny to support their arguments for "an immediate negotiated peace" with Nazi Germany; Trumbo reported these correspondents to the FBI. Trumbo regretted this decision, which he called "foolish". After two FBI agents showed up at his home, he understood that "their interest lay not in the letters but in me."
Trumbo was a member of the Communist Party USA from 1943 until 1948. The scholar Kenneth Billingsley found that Trumbo wrote The Daily Worker about films which he said communist influence in Hollywood had prevented from being made: among them were proposed adaptations of Arthur Koestler's anti-totalitarian works Darkness at Noon and The Yogi and the Commissar, which described the rise of communism in Russia.
BlacklistingMain article: Hollywood blacklist
During the McCarthy Era in 1947, when US Senator Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin claimed that the federal government and other institutions were riddled with Communists, the US House began hearings about purported communist influence in Hollywood. Trumbo, along with nine other writers and directors, was called before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) as an unfriendly witness to testify on the presence of communist influence in Hollywood. Trumbo and the other nine refused to give information. After conviction for contempt of Congress, he and the others were blacklisted from working in Hollywood. In 1950, Dalton served 11 months in prison as punishment for the contempt conviction, in the federal penitentiary in Ashland, Kentucky.
After Trumbo and the others were blacklisted, some Hollywood actors and directors, such as Elia Kazan and Clifford Odets, agreed to testify and to provide names of fellow communist party members to Congress. Many of those who testified were immediately ostracized and shunned by their former friends and associates.
Trumbo said in a speech given in 1970 that there was blame on all sides:
There was bad faith and good, honesty and dishonesty, courage and cowardice, selflessness and opportunism, wisdom and stupidity, good and bad on both sides; and almost every individual involved, no matter where he stood, combined some or all of these antithetical qualities in his own person, in his own acts.
4 Later life
Later lifeAfter completing his sentence, Trumbo could not get work in California, so he sold his ranch and his family moved to Mexico City with Hugo Butler and his wife Jean Rouverol, who had also been blacklisted. He recalled earning $1750 average fee for 18 screenplays in two years and said, "None was very good." In Mexico he wrote 30 scripts under pseudonyms, such as Gun Crazy (1950), based on a short story by MacKinlay Kantor, who was the front for the screenplay. It was not until 1992 that Trumbo's role was revealed.
Gradually the blacklist began to be weakened. With the support of Otto Preminger, Trumbo was credited for his screenplay for the 1960 film Exodus, adapted from the novel by Leon Uris. Shortly thereafter, Kirk Douglas made public Trumbo's credit for the screenplay for Spartacus (1960), an event which has been cited as the beginning of the end of the blacklist. Trumbo was reinstated in the Writers Guild of America, West, and was credited on all subsequent scripts.
In 1971, Trumbo directed the film adaptation of his novel Johnny Got His Gun, which starred Timothy Bottoms, Diane Varsi, Jason Robards and Donald Sutherland.
One of Trumbo's last films, Executive Action (1973), was based on various conspiracy theories about the Kennedy assassination.
His account and analysis of the Smith Act trials is entitled The Devil in the Book.
5 Academy Awards
Academy AwardsHe won an Oscar for The Brave One (1956), written under the name Robert Rich. In 1975, the Academy officially recognized Trumbo as the winner and presented him with a statuette.
In 1993, Trumbo was posthumously awarded the Academy Award for writing Roman Holiday (1953). The screen credit and award were previously given to Ian McLellan Hunter, who had been a "front" for Trumbo.
6 Personal life
Personal lifeIn 1939, Trumbo married Cleo Fincher. She was born in Fresno on July 17, 1916, and later moved with her divorced mother and her brother and sister to Los Angeles. Cleo Trumbo died of natural causes at the age of 93 on October 9, 2009, in the Bay Area city of Los Altos. At the time she was living with her eldest daughter Mitzi.
They had three children: the filmmaker and screenwriter Christopher Trumbo, who became an expert on the Hollywood blacklist; Melissa, known as Mitzi, a photographer; and Nikola Trumbo, a psychotherapist.
In 2003, Christopher Trumbo mounted a Broadway play based on his father's letters called Trumbo: Red, White and Blacklisted, in which a wide variety of actors played his father during the run, including Nathan Lane, Tim Robbins, Brian Dennehy, Ed Harris, Chris Cooper and Gore Vidal. A documentary about Dalton Trumbo called Trumbo was produced in 2007 incorporating elements of the play as well as footage of Dalton Trumbo and a panoply of interviews.
Death Dalton Trumbo died in Los Angeles of a heart attack at the age of 70 on September 10, 1976. He donated his body to science.
WorksSelected film works
Road Gang, 1936
Love Begins at 20, 1936
Devil's Playground, 1937
Fugitives for a Night, 1938
A Man to Remember, 1938
Five Came Back, 1939 (with Nathanael West and J. Cody)
Curtain Call, 1941
Bill of Divorcement, 1940
Kitty Foyle, 1940
The Remarkable Andrew, 1942
Tender Comrade, 1944
A Guy Named Joe, 1944
Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo, 1944
Our Vines Have Tender Grapes, 1945
Gun Crazy, 1950 (co-writer, front Millard Kaufman)
He Ran All the Way, 1951 (co-writer, front Guy Endore)
The Prowler, 1951 (uncredited with Hugo Butler)
Roman Holiday, 1953 (front Ian McLellan Hunter)
They Were So Young, 1954, (pseudonym: Felix Lutzkendorf)
The Boss, 1956 (front: Ben L. Perry)
The Brave One, 1956 (front Robert Rich)
The Green-eyed Blonde, 1957 (front: Sally Stubblefield)
From the Earth to the Moon, 1958 (co-writer as front: James Leicester)
Cowboy (1958) (front: Edmund H. North)
Spartacus, 1960, dir. by Stanley Kubrick
Exodus, 1960 (based on Leon Uris' 1958 novel of the same name)
The Last Sunset, 1961
Lonely are the Brave, 1962
The Sandpiper, 1965
Hawaii, 1966 (based on the novel by James Michener, 1959)
The Fixer, 1968
Johnny Got His Gun, 1971 (also directed)
The Horsemen, 1971
Executive Action, 1973
Papillon, 1973 (based on the novel by Henri Charrière, 1969)
Novels, plays and essays
Washington Jitters, 1936
Johnny Got His Gun, 1939
The Remarkable Andrew, 1940 (also known as Chronicle of a Literal Man)
The Biggest Thief in Town, 1949 (lay)
The Time Out of the Toad, 1972 (essays)
Night of the Aurochs, 1979 (unfinished, ed. R. Kirsch)
Harry Bridges, 1941
The Time of the Toad, 1949
The Devil in the Book, 1956
Additional Dialogue: Letters of Dalton Trumbo, 1942–62, 1970 (ed. by H. Manfull)
9 See also
See also Biography portal
The Hollywood Ten, documentary
Trumbo, a 2007 documentary by Peter Askin based on Christopher Trumbo's stage play
Dalton Trumbo, biography by Bruce Cook
Dalton Trumbo: Hollywood Rebel, biography by Peter Hanson
1.^ AMPAS Press Release
2.^ AMPAS Oscar Trivia
3.^ Nordheimer, Jon (September 11, 1976). "Dalton Trumbo, Film Writer, Dies; Oscar Winner Had Been Blacklisted". The New York Times: p. 17. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F7091EFE395C137B93C3A81782D85F428785F9&scp=3&sq=dalton%20trumbo%20exodus&st=cse. Retrieved 2008-08-11. "... it was Otto Preminger, the director, who broke the blacklist months later by publicly announcing that he had hired Mr. Trumbo to do the screenplay ..."
4.^ Harvey, Steve (September 10, 1976). "Dalton Trumbo Dies at 70, One of the 'Hollywood 10'". Los Angeles Times: p. 1. "He recalled how his name returned to the screen in 1960 with the help of Spartacus star Kirk Douglas: 'I had been working on Spartacus for about a year ..."
5.^ Schwartz, Richard A.. "How the Film and Television Blacklists Worked". Florida International University. http://comptalk.fiu.edu/blacklist.htm. Retrieved December 15, 2011.
6.^ a b McLellan, Dennis (January 12, 2011). "Christopher Trumbo dies at 70; screen and TV writer whose father was blacklisted". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2011/jan/12/local/la-me-christopher-trumbo-20110112. Retrieved December 15, 2011.
7.^ a b Cieply, Michael (September 11, 2007). "A Voice From the Blacklist: Documentary Lets Dalton Trumbo Speak (Through Surrogates)". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/11/movies/11trumbo.html?_r=1&oref=slogin. Retrieved December 15, 2011.
8.^ Cheryl Devall, Paige Osburn (December 19, 2011). "Blacklisted writer gets credit restored after 60 years for Oscar-winning film". 89.3 KPCC. http://www.scpr.org/news/2011/12/19/30417/blacklisted-writer-gets-credit-restored-oscar-winn/. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
9.^ Verrier, Richard (December 19, 2011). "Writers Guild restores screenplay credit to Trumbo for 'Roman Holiday'". Los Angeles Times. http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/entertainmentnewsbuzz/2011/12/writers-guild-restores-screenplay-credit-to-trumbo-for-roman-holiday.html. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
10.^ Peter Hanson, Dalton Trumbo, Hollywood Rebel: A Critical Survey and Filmography, McFarland, 2007, p. 12
11.^ Additional Dialogue; Letters of Dalton Trumbo, 1942-1962, edited by M. Evans, Lippincott, 1970, footnote #10, p. 26
12.^ a b c Well, Martin (September 9, 1976). "Dalton Trumbo, 70, Dies: Blacklisted Screenwriter". Washington Post. .
13.^ a b c d Nordheimer 1976.
14.^ "1939 Book Awards Given by Critics: Elgin Groseclose's 'Ararat' is Picked ...", The New York Times, 1940-02-14, page 25. ProQuest Historical Newspapers The New York Times (1851-2007).
15.^ Sparknotes.com. Retrieved 04-12-2010
16.^ Counsel from Hollywood, Time Magazine, February 3, 1941
17.^ a b Dalton Trumbo. Johnny Got His Gun. Citadel Press, 2000, pg 5, introduction
18.^ Victor Navasky, Naming Names, New York: Viking, 2003
19.^ Kenneth Billingsley, "Hollywood's Missing Movies: Why American films have ignored life under communism", Reason Magazine, June 2000
20.^ John Apostolou, "MacKinlay Kantor", The Armchair Detective, Spring 1997, republished on Mystery File, accessed 17 Oct 2010
21.^ Trumbo (2007) at the Internet Movie Database Retrieved April 25, 2010.
22.^ "Great To Be Nominated" Enjoys a "Roman Holiday" AMPAS
23.^ McLellan, Dennis (October 18, 2009). "Cleo Trumbo dies at 93; wife of blacklisted screenwriter Dalton Trumbo". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2009/oct/18/local/me-cleo-trumbo18/2.
24.^ Michael Cieply (2007-09-11). "A Voice From the Blacklist: Documentary Lets Dalton Trumbo Speak". The New York Times (New York). http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/11/movies/11trumbo.html?_r=1&oref=slogin. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
25.^ "Son Of Blacklisted Hollywood Writer Trumbo Dies" (Jan. 12, 2011) KTVU.com. Retrieved 1-12-2011.
26.^ Nordheimer, Jon (September 11, 1976). "Dalton Trumbo, Film Writer, Dies; Oscar Winner Had Been Blacklisted". New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F7091EFE395C137B93C3A81782D85F428785F9. Retrieved 2008-06-18. "Dalton Trumbo, the Hollywood screen writer who was perhaps the most famous member of the blacklisted film industry authors called "the Hollywood Ten," died of a heart attack early today at his home here. He was 70 years old. He donated his body to science."
11 Further reading
Hanson, Peter, Dalton Trumbo, Hollywood Rebel: A Critical Survey and Filmography, McFarland (October 1, 2007) ISBN 0-7864-3246-2
"Hollywood On Trial, a timely reminder",http://www.wsws.org/articles/2009/dec2009/holl-d10.shtml (Charles Bogle)
12 External links
External links Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Dalton Trumbo
Dalton Trumbo at the Internet Movie Database