THE MAGNIFICENT CAROLE KING AND CARLY SIMON
Tuesday, September 30, 2014
Monday, September 29, 2014
The significance of the feast of trumpets connect both the Hebrew festival to the return of the Messiah, the Christians call Jesus and the Jews await Ha Maschiach . Much we do not know but we do know it occurs at the end of the tribulation as taught by the New Testament teachings of Paul and Jesus. See the video on you tube for fuller explanation denying the pre tribulation rapture as unscriptural as this equates with the end of the tribulation resurrection , and not the former. The herald of this event is the depth enriched and deepened by this hebrew festival. The shofar is the sound heralding this cosmic event , the cosmic event of the Feast of Trumpets,the Hebrew festival.
Sunday, September 28, 2014
Tzadik of the Roosters
Rabbi Yosef Saragosi was in exile from Sicily during the time of the Inquisition. At first, he settled in Egypt where he established a major yeshiva. In the late 1400’s he left Egypt and went to settle in Tsfat where he devoted himself to the study of Kabbala. He was one of the chosen few to whom Elijah the Prophet revealed himself. Soon thereafter he gained the distinction of becoming the city's first elected chief rabbi in recorded history. In 1504 he made a historic decision about the Sabbatical year in the holy land, which held sway even over the opinion of the leading rabbis of Jerusalem
Aside from his greatness in Torah, he was also renowned for his character which was like that of Aharon Hakohen. He settled arguments between neighbors and between husband and wife. He offered his help not only to the Jews of Tsfat but also to the Arabs, who came to him with their quarrels. They implicitly trusted him to arrive at a true and just settlement.
R' Yosef was a holy man, who performed miracles. He gained his various titles from those miracles. He was called "Tzadik of the Roosters" because of an interesting event which occurred after his death.
In those days, Tsfat was a regional center of the Ottoman Empire. The governor of Tsfat at that time made life miserable for the Jews of Tsfat. He was an evil, hard-hearted person who despised the Jews and was jealous of their financial success. He had designs on their money.
Once, he decreed that the Jews bring him hundreds of pure white roosters, knowing very well that they would never be able to find such a large number in all of the surrounding area. And if they were unable to fulfill his decree, he would be free to punish them as he pleased.
The Jews of Tsfat decreed a fast upon themselves and gathered in the beit haknesset - synagogue. They poured out their hearts and prayed for heavenly assistance. Then they went to the graves of the many holy men who were buried nearby, including that of Rabbi Yosef Saragosi, and prayed that the merit of the righteous protect them and save them from the evil-doer.
That night, the head of the community had a dream in which Rabbi Yosef Saragosi informed him that Hashem had heard their prayers at his graveside. He then instructed him to tell the Jews of Tsfat to gather all the roosters they could obtain, regardless of color, and to bring them to a certain place.
When he awoke, the man was very excited. He told his dream to the members of the community. They immediately went off to gather all the roosters which they could find. They brought them to the designated place and a miracle occurred. The yellow, brown, black, reddish, spotted fowl, all suddenly turned a pure white!
The Jews of Tsfat were overwhelmed with joy. They quickly led the crowing chorus to the governor's house. The leader of the community was at the head of the procession and informed the governor that his request had been fulfilled. The governor looked at the snowy white crowing birds and understood that the Jews had wrought a miracle. From that time on, he was careful to treat his Jewish subjects fairly and to offer them his protection.
From that time, the appellation "Tzadik of the Roosters" clung to R' Yosef Saragosi; many also called him "The White Tzadik". The synagogue where he had been accustomed to study and pray during his lifetime had been preserved to this very day and is referred to by the Jews of Tsfat as "TheBeit Haknesset of R' Yosef the White Tzadik."
Wednesday, September 24, 2014
"The Christ-child lay on Mary's lap,
His hair was like a light.
(O weary, weary were the world,
But here is all aright."
His hair was like a light.
(O weary, weary were the world,
But here is all aright."
A Christmas Carol - a poem by G.K. Chesterton
hemittah Loan Amnesty: Pruzbul
Questions and answers about the cancellation of debts on the Sabbatical year, and what we do about it
I understand that every seven years is a Sabbatical year, during which Israeli farmers give their fields a break and all debts are canceled. How does the debt thing work? What happens if someone owes me money? Am I really obligated to let it slide? Also, I’ve heard that there is something called athat somehow circumvents the law. What’s up with that?
Good question. Let’s start at the beginning. We read in the book of:
This tells us that part of the observance of Shemittah (the Hebrew term for the Sabbatical year) is the forgiving of all loans. Any debts that are unpaid at the conclusion of the last day of the Shemittah year are canceled. Even if a borrower wishes to repay his debt, the lender may not accept it unless he reminds the borrower that the debt has been canceled, and the borrower still insists on giving him the money “as a gift.” (Indeed, it is considered praiseworthy for a borrower to do this.)
At the same time, theforbids us to refrain from lending money for fear of Shemittah canceling the loan, and commands us to lend happily, despite the possibility that we may not be paid back.
In the words of the Torah:
So where does this leave the modern lender and borrower? How is someone supposed to lend money knowing that the debt will be wiped out in just a few years?
This problem has been around for over 2,000 years.In the first century BCE, the Elder saw that people were avoiding giving loans as the Shemittah year neared. This posed two problems: 1) The wealthy people were transgressing the Torah prohibition against withholding loans out of fear of Shemittah. 2) The poor people who desperately needed loans had no way to procure them. He came up with a novel solution.
Hillel noted that the Torah tells us that only private debts3 are canceled by Shemittah: “He shall not exact from his friend or his brother.” If, however, one owes the court (i.e., the community) money, Shemittah does not affect the loan. Based on this rule, he instituted the pruzbul: a mechanism by which debts are transferred to a (religious court).4 By making a pruzbul, you make your private debts public—and therefore redeemable.5
Isn’t this a loophole devised to circumvent a divinely ordained law?
The 6 explains that nowadays the Shemittah loan amnesty is no longer in effect according to biblical law.7 Thus, since the Shemittah that we observe today is a rabbinic injunction, Hillel was empowered to circumvent these laws due to pressing need.
When do I make a pruzbul?
Although loans are not canceled until the end of the Shemittah year, once the Shemittah year begins there are those who rule that a lender may not demand payment of a loan (although he may accept it without demurring if the borrower wishes to repay on his own). For this reason, many have the custom to make apruzbul beforeimmediately prior to the Shemittah year, to be able to collect payment throughout the Shemittah year. Once the pruzbul has been made, any additional loans will require an additional pruzbul.
Others simply make a pruzbul at the end of the seventh year, just before the loans are suspended. To cover all grounds, there are many—including—who make the pruzbul twice, once before the Shemittah year, and once again just before it concludes.
This year, the last day before Rosh Hashanah will be Wednesday, September 24, 2014, and you should have made your (first) pruzbul by then. If you did not, you can do so until the following Rosh Hashanah.
What do I need to do?
Here is the text of the pruzbul:
There are two ways to deliver the text to the court:
a) The simplest and most convenient way is to attend morning prayer services in your local synagogue on the day before Rosh Hashanah.Click here for more on hatarat nedarim.) Immediately after finishing the hatarat nedarim, everyone recites the aforementioned pruzbul text, thus orally transmitting all debts to this ad hoc court.After the services, a hatarat ceremony is conducted, during which each member of the congregation stands before a beit din consisting of three (or, in certain communities, ten) of his peers, and recites a vow annulment statement. (
b) If this is not an option, you can transmit your debts to a beit din in writing.Click here to make a pruzbul online.
What if I don’t owe any money?
Because of the uniqueness of theof pruzbul, the , of righteous memory, encouraged everyone to make the effort to make a pruzbul. In fact, he suggested that even someone who has no collectable debts, and thus has no need for a pruzbul, should symbolically lend a small sum of money to someone else in order to be able to observe the rare and easy rabbinical institution of pruzbul.