Wednesday, August 31, 2016

The Text of the New Testament Apocrypha (100 - 400 CE)

  • Hardcover: 240 pages
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury T&T Clark (June 20, 2013)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 056704761X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0567047618

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Sunday, August 21, 2016

Witold Pilecki one of the greatest heroes in the history of the world

Piotr Smietanski, Staff Sergeant - Butcher of Mokotow Prison, Warsaw Poland.
Above: Staff Sergeant Piotr Smietanski, Polish secret police, the Urzad Bezpieczenstwa, nicknamed "The Butcher of the Mokotow Prison". [6] Piotr Smietanski executed Witold Pilecki with a single shot to the back of the head. Piotr Smietanski emigrated from Poland to Israel after 1968. His d.o.b. is believed to be 1921, but nothing is known about his childhood, nor about his whereabouts during the II WW. It is believed that Smietanski was paid around 1,000 Polish Zloty for each execution he carried out.
Among hundreds of other soldiers of the Democratic Underground murdered by Smietanski were those executed on March 7, 1949:
- Capt. Stanislaw Lukasik "Rys"
- 2 Lt. Roman Gronski "Zbik"
- Lt. Jerzy Miatkowski "Zawada"
- Lt. Tadeusz Pelak "Junak"
- Lt. Edmund Tudruj "Mundek"
- Lt. Arkadiusz Wasilewski "Bialy"
Executed by Smietanski on February 8, 1951 were:
- Maj. Zygmunt Szendzielarz "Lupaszko"
- Lt. Col. Antoni Olechnowicz “Pohorecki”
- Lt. Lucjan Minkiewicz “Wiktor”
- Lt. Henryk Borowski “Trzmiel”

Captain  Witold Pilecki, one of the greatest heroes in the history of the world ,he could not be broken, and was as perfect in Godly virtues as a man or woman could possibly be.
His  story fell on deaf ears  not wanting to hear .The evil of their doing was eventually to haunt the whole world as at this time.

by  Edward  Yablonsky  originator of this blog

"The Cavalry Captain, Pilecki, is one of our nation's foremost heroes, whom all military men ought to salute […] We are no better than the Germans and Russians, for by our own hands, we were capable of murdering our own heroes”.

Remembering Unsung Heroes Of The Holocaust
01/02/2013 - 05:49
Steve Lipman

Witold Pilecki: His burial place isn't known, his heroism is.
Witold Pilecki: His burial place isn't known, his heroism is.
Associated Press reported recently on some excavations in Warsaw that have received little interest outside of Poland, especially in the Jewish community.
The work at the Powazki Military Cemetery should be of interest to Jews – the forensic scientists are looking for the remains, in a mass grave that contains entangled skeletons of resistance fighters, of one particular hero. Capt. Witold Pilecki, a non-Jewish Pole, volunteered to be captured and interned in Auschwitz in order to bring the Nazi death camp’s atrocities to the attention of the world.
“He was unique in the world,” his daughter, Zofia Pilecka-Optulowicz, told AP. “I would like to have a place where I can light a candle for him.”
Until now, no one has been able to identify the remains of Pilecki, whom AP called “the only person known to have volunteered for Auschwitz.” He was able to escape from Auschwitz in April 1943, when he realized that the SS might uncover his undercover activities. He rejoined Poland’s Home Army resistance force, fought in the citywide 1944 Warsaw Uprising, was arrested in 1947 by the communist secret security; falsely accused of planning to assassinate dignitaries, he was executed in 1948. Pilecki numbered among a small group of individuals who entered the Third Reich’s killing fields of their own volition to shock the conscience of the world.
In the early days of the Third Reich, when political cabarets were still open and comedians – most of them non-Jewish, by that time – still dared to taunt the regime, one comedian in Munich, speaking of the nearby Dachau concentration camp, spoke of the site, which was known to the crowd. “Most impressive and well protected,” he said. “The walls are ten meters high, with barbed wire along the top, electrically charged, and machine gun towers at every corner – still, I only have to say a word or two, and I’ll be inside in a jiffy.”
Getting inside a Nazi concentration camp or ghetto was easy. It happened to millions of people, against their wills. Going inside voluntarily, then getting out, then risking one’s life to talk about it – that was hard.
In recent weeks, I’ve read books about three such people. “The Auschwitz Volunteer: Beyond Bravery,” a biography of Pilecki. “The Man who Broke into Auschwitz,” the story of Denis Avey, a British soldier in a POW labor camp near Auschwitz who also put himself in harm’s way to serve as a witness. And “Karski: How One Man Tried to Stop the Holocaust,” about Jan Karski, a Polish diplomat, who arranged to step inside the Warsaw Ghetto.
All three men managed to return to freedom, and to tell their horrific stories – which often fell on deaf, often-unbelieving ears. All three books are suspenseful, inspiring, recounting bravery that few of us can imagine.
At the end of a report that he put together in 1945, Pilecki stated that “What I have written … in these few pages is unimportant, especially for those who will read them just for thrills.”
On the contrary, his words are of extreme importance to Jews and to any other community that suffered at the hands of the Nazis.
If the excavations at the Warsaw cemetery are successful, the people who owe an eternal debt to Pilecki’s memory will have a site where they can properly honor him.
Yale University historian Timothy Snyder and David Marwell, director of the Museum of Jewish Heritage – A Living Memorial to the Holocaust, will discuss “The Auschwitz Volunteer” at the museum on Jan. 9 at 7 p.m. (646)437-4202.


The Murder of Cavalry Captain Witold Pilecki

Preface: Slav and Jew

The history of the Jews, since the Diaspora, had been almost 1900 years of mixed tolerance and persecution. A stateless people, desiring settlement, but necessarily adapted to the prospect of being driven from their homes, or extorted with the threat of same, formed an international network of mutual support and occasional refuge. Poland, where they found refuge from persecution throughout the Europe, was actually very receptive to their presence save for the buffeting times of the Reformation, Counter-Reformation and Inquisition - when the geopolitics of "religious cohesion", (Cuius religio, eius religio; Whose religion, his religion - i.e. the monarch determined the religion of the people) came intensely into play. With the onset of The Enlightenment, general tolerance and good will returned in Poland and the Polish territories outside of Russia. The opening of WW II saw 3 million Jews residing and often prosperous in Poland. To be sure there were Nazi collaborators in Poland, as in every country the Nazis overran. In the main, however, Polish response ranged from self-protective hunkered down separation to quiet, but dedicated support in harboring and transporting Jews to safer environs south and east of the German occupied territories - at great risk to those who helped and their families.

Unlike all other Nazi-occupied countries, if a concealed Jew was found hidden by a Polish family, the entire family, and often their neighbors as well, were executed right on the spot!

Some went further still, entering the death camps, smuggling out information and trying to liberate the prisoners there. Much of what we knew about the death camps came from the cooperation of Jews, Polish underground units and the Polish Government in Exile. Just as Polish underground agents were critical in securing and delivering an Ultra encrypter/decrypter to be reverse engineered by British Intelligence, these same assets provided photos and reports on the development and operation of the Nazi death camps. Clearly the people involved dearly wanted to end this atrocity.

However, a simple assault on the camps would be insufficient. The Nazi's had infantry, armor and air forces readily at hand. The underground only had infantry, and that organized to the necessities of guerilla war. Taking the death camps would be at best a stage one. Then would come provisioning and dispersing the prisoners.

Did you know? Polish citizens have the world's highest count of individuals awarded medals of Righteous among the Nations, given by the State of Israel to non-Jews who saved Jews from extermination during the Holocaust. There are 6,195 Polish men and women recognized as "Righteous" to this day, amounting to over 25 per cent of the total number of 22,765 honorary titles awarded already .
These prisoners were already being slowly starved to death, the better to make them unable to resist. They would need ample food to restore their strength and days for that to take effect. At the end of stage 2, you would mostly have a re-nourished lightly armed mob. Still, as the story of Witold Pilecki shows, efforts were made to devise a plan of intervention.

At the end of the war, and with the rise of the Communists, the Holocaust - or Shoah, as it is sometimes called - proved a gift from the Nazis to the Communists, and especially the Soviets. Intimations by Polish Communists that Polish patriots were implicated in these atrocities were sallied to chill the voices of those who might speak in the defense of them, lest one find oneself speak up for an SS (Ger. Schutzstaffel, Protective Squadron) collaborator. Likewise, the Soviets could - through pervasive innuendo, libels and slanders - venture that their hegemony over the Eastern Bloc was a bulwark against renewed depredations against the Jews by indigenous populations predisposed towardsAnti-Semitism.

A Volunteer For Auschwitz - Witold Pilecki, Cavalry Captain (1901-1948)
Witold Pilecki, Cavalry Captain - Murdered by Polish Secret Police in 1948
"The Cavalry Captain, Pilecki, is one of our nation's foremost heroes, whom all military men ought to salute […] We are no better than the Germans and Russians, for by our own hands, we were capable of murdering our own heroes”.
Excerpt from the defense attorney's argument during Witold Pilecki's rehabilitation proceedings, before the Military Chamber, of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Poland, in 1990.
Witold Pilecki was murdered on May 25, 1948. He was executed by the communists, with a single shot to the back of the head.
Witold Pilecki, Captain (1901–1948)
Captain Pilecki began his military service during the Polish-Bolshevik War of 1920. He fought during the Nazi invasion of Poland in September, 1939, and thereafter, in the Polish Armed Underground. In 1941, on orders from the ZWZ (pol. Zwiazek Walki Zbrojnej - Association of Armed Strugglehe volunteered to be captured by the Nazis, and to be sent to the notorious Auschwitz Concentration Camp (Konzentrationslager Auschwitz). His mission was to obtain information about the Nazi atrocities committed at the camp, on behalf of the Polish Government in Exile, and the Allies, and to lay groundwork for the creation of the underground resistance movement within the camp.

[1] His daring plan to free those imprisoned at Auschwitz with the help of the Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade, never materialized. Fearing that his mission was about to be compromised, after spending 945 days in Auschwitz, he escaped in 1943. In 1944, Cpt. Pilecki fought in the Warsaw Uprising in the ranks of the “Chrobry II” Unit. In 1945, he was attached to the II Corp of the Polish Army In Italy. On orders from General Anders, he returned to the communist-occupied Poland, in order to re-establish the war-torn Polish intelligence infrastructure, which at that time was under command of thePolish-Government-In-Exile in London. [(2) Photo below: Witold Pilecki, prisoner number 4859, the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz].
Witold Pilecki in Auschwitz Concentration CampIn May, 1947 Captain Pilecki was arrested by the Polish secret police (pol. UB - Urzad Bezpieczenstwa), and incarcerated at the Warsaw’s infamous jail at the Rakowiecka Street. Despite being subjected to the most horrifying tortures, until the end, he remained faithful to his military oath – “God, Honor, Country.” After listening to death sentence charges against him, he responded to the "court":
“I tried to live my life in such fashion, so that in my last hour, I would rather be happy than fearful […] I found happiness within me, resulting from the realization, that this fight was worth it”.

The staged trial of the “Pilecki’s Group” took place from March 3 to March 15, 1948 before District Military Court in Warsaw, presided by the Chief Judge Lieutenant Colonel Jan Hryckowian (3), and the prosecutor, Major Czeslaw Lapinski. Captain Pilecki was accused of espionage on behalf of foreign power, and activities aiming at organizing armed underground, among other charges. The prosecutor asked for the death penalty, citing, that the accused committed the gravest of crimes - the “crime of treason against his nation”. A request for leniency sent by his wife Maria to Boleslaw Bierut, and Jozef Cyrankiewicz (a fellow-prisoner at the Auschwitz concentration camp, codenamed “Witold” ), was never answered. The death sentence was carried out on May 25, 1948 in the Mokotow’s prison. The body of Captain Pilecki was never returned to his family, and his burial place is unknown to this day. A symbolic grave was erected at the Ostrowa Mazowiecka cemetery.
A resourceful and creative manager, before World War II, Witold Pilecki not only successfully managed his family estate in Skurcze, but also organized local social assistance programs, established agricultural association (pol. kolko rolnicze), and civil defense courses. He also started a family, and cultivated many artistic interests including drawing, painting, and poetry.
"For years our family lived feeling profoundly wronged and ostracized, because not only was our father taken away from us, but also his good name and his memory were veiled in a poisonous shroud of accusations of treason. It burdened our hearts for a long time" said Pilecki's son Andrzej.
Witold Pilecki - Photo taken by Urzad Bezpieczenstwa (UB) - Ministry of Internal AffairsPhoto of Captain Pilecki taken by Polish Secret Police -Urzad Bezpieczenstwa - the UB, in 1947]

"It was very difficult to dilute this [poisoned] atmosphere, because the resistance from the communist institutions and number of individuals supporting them was very significant. Even during the III Republic [of Poland], the old regime did not allow overturn the 'court sanctioned murder' (pol. 'Zbrodnia Sadowa') committed against Cavalry Captain Pilecki and his comrades, perpetrated against them during the years of Bierut's reign. Only the anticommunist members of the democratic opposition cultivated the truth about Cavalry Captain Pilecki, and his heroism” - continued Andrzej Pilecki.
Until 1989, all information about accomplishments and fate of Witold Pilecki were subject to the strict censorship by the Polish People’s Republic (pol. abbrev. PRL). See Communist Propaganda Operations And "Anti-Semitism." The rehabilitation of Cavalry Captain Witold Pilecki was undertaken by the Military Chamber of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Poland, only on 1 October, 1990. In January 1993, the “court sanctioned murder” perpetrated on Witod Pilecki served as one of the three examples cited in an open letter sent by the veterans and historians from the For Justice And Truth” (pol. “O sprawiedliwosc i prawde”), who demanded that the perpetrators of the Stalinist crimes who were still alive in Poland be brought to justice.

Communist secret police interrogators in the Witold Pilecki's case.

Witold Pilecki was interrogated and tortured by: Col. Jozef Rozanski, Lt. S. Lyszkowski, Lt. Krawczynski, 2nd Lt. J. Kroszel, Lt. Tadeusz Slowianek, 2nd Lt. Eugeniusz Chimczak, and Lt. Stefan Alaborski, all famed for their brutality and inhumane treatment of political prisoners. The horror of the interrogations lasted for over six months. Pilecki's interrogations were personally supervised by Colonel Roman Romkowski. The other prisoners incarcerated at the Rakowiecka Prison at the same time as Pilecki stated, that his entire body was black and blue as a result of endless beatings, and that all of his fingernails were torn off. Pilecki had told his wife that Auschwitz was child's play in comparison to the horror he had endured at the hands of his communists tormentors.

Maria Hattowska, today an eighty-two year old member of the Polish Anti-Communist Underground who just like Pilecki was incarcerated on the trumped up charges of espionage in 1946, remembers the torture methods employed by Humer, Rozanski and others:
"I was lead to the interrogation room; eight men awaited there. Among them were Jozef Rozanski and Adam Humer. Rozanski started to beat me first. He kicked me [so hard]that I fell off the chair. When I got up he kicked me in my stomach, than again, and again […] When I was no longer able to stand on my own, two others were holding me up, and Rozanski kept on kicking me. [...] Humer was beating me with a riding whip. It had a metal bearing attached to the end which cut my skin. He was aiming at my kidneys. He was counting the blows. After the one-hundred-fiftieth blow, he asked the others to take over, because he got tired. I got another hundred fifty blows [after that]; they got scarred that [by beating me like this] I'll escape further interrogations [by dying]. They summoned a doctor. The agony [of dying] is pleasant, [because] one doesn't feel the pain any more. The doctor prepared an injection, but I was trying to twist and turn my arm in order not to allow him to inject me. I wanted to die, but I was powerless, and they managed to revive me. [...] I thought to myself, unfortunately I will live [...] Because of the kidney injuries [resulted from the beatings], to this day I suffer from high blood pressure [...] I never got married, because I didn't want to be a burden to anyone […] they were hitting me in the crotch area, and because of that, I could never have children."Maria Hattowska, Polish Home Army and WiN Soldier
Above: 2nd Lt. Maria Hattowska, Polish Home Army and WiN Soldier. Photo: TVP

In his article entitled "Ciezka praca sledzia" re-published by the "Antysocialistyczne Mazowsze", Tadeusz M. Pluzanski, the son of Tadeusz Pluzanski, one of Pilecki's co-conspirators, poignantly notes that ironically, to this day many of Pilecki's tormentors such as Chimczak and Krawczynski, comfortably live on the same street in downtown Warsaw. With no exceptions, they all suffer from a "collective" amnesia when asked about their role in Pilecki's court-sanctioned murder.
Michael Schudrich, the Chief Rabbi of Poland said about Pilecki: [he was] an example of inexplicable goodness at a time of inexplicable evil. There is ever-growing awareness of Poles helping Jews in the Holocaust, and how they paid with their lives, like Pilecki. We must honor these examples and follow them today in the parts of the world where there are horrors again.
Witold Pilecki was executed on May 25, 1948 at 9:30 p.m. in the presence of the Deputy Prosecutor of the Supreme Military Prosecutor's Office of the Polish Army, Major S. Cypryszewski, Warden of the Mokotow Prison, Lieutenant Ryszard Monko, Lieutenant Kazimierz Jezierski, MD, a physician, and Capt. Wincenty M. Martusiewicz, Chaplain.

Friday, August 19, 2016

stolen women captured hearts

Editorial Reviews

Anna (Janine Turner), a beautiful young woman, allows her brother to arrange her marriage. She travels west to marry Daniel (Patrick Bergin), a man whom she has never met, but on the way is taken prisoner by the Sioux Indians. Their leader, the handsome warrior Tokalah (Michael Greyeyes), is set to kill Anna, until he realizes she is the woman who has come to him repeatedly in his dreams. He spares Anna's life and she continues to travel to Fort Hays where she meets and marries Daniel, the ordinary man her brother has chosen for her.

After only one night with her new husband, Anna and her friend Sarah (Jean Louisa Kelly) are taken hostage by a tribe of Sioux warriors led by Tokolah. They are forced to live like the Sioux, learning their language, dressing like them and adapting to their customs. During this time Tokalah and Anna spend together, they give in to their emotions and, regardless of the consequences, they fall in love.

After a year, the U.S. Cavalry and the Indians are at war and the women are rescued by General Custer. But Anna's heart still longs to be with Tokalah. Will she choose to follow her heart or obey the rules of convention?The Real Anna Brewster Morgan
According to historical reports, the real Anna Brewster was born December 10, 1844, and eventually went to live with her brother Daniel, who arranged for her to marry a man named James Morgan in 1868. One month later, a band of Sioux Indians raided their homestead and shot James and took Anna captive. The Sioux, traveling back to their village, met a band of Cheyenne Indians who had already captured a woman named Sarah White.

Anna was traded to the Cheyenne and went to live with them. She eventually married an Indian Chief whose name is not recorded but was found by General George Custer approximately a year after her capture, by which time she was pregnant with the Chief's child. Returned to James Morgan, she gave birth to a half-Indian son, Ira, but the boy fell ill and died around age 2, just ten days after the birth of the Morgans' daughter, Mary.

Anna bore James two more sons, Claud and Glen, but their marriage was not a happy one; Anna is reportedly quoted as saying, "I often wished they had never found me. Eventually Anna left James and went to live with her brother Daniel. James divorced her, and Anna lived under a lifelong stigma because of what happened to her, causing her to be admitted to a mental hospital later in life where she died in 1902. She was buried next to her son Ira.

Thursday, August 18, 2016

Playing for Time

Fania Fenelon Dead at 75

Fania Fenelon, the musician who survived the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp and later told the world of having to play in the women’s orchestra there while millions went to their death, during the Holocaust, died of cancer Monday at the age of 75. Her sister-in-law, Madeleine Goldstein, said there would be no funeral because Fenelon donated her body to medical research.
Her book, “Playing for Time,” in which she recounted how the orchestra, conducted by Alma Rose, a niece of Gustav Mahler, gave concerts in 1944 under orders of the SS, was translated into a dozen languages and was also made into a television film in which she was portrayed by British actress Vanessa Redgrave, a militant supporter of the PLO.
Fenelon, an ardent Zionist, campaigned against the CBS-TV film in protest against the insensitivity in casting Redgrave in it. She told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency at the time: “I have nothing against Miss Redgrave’s political opinions but the PLO wants to destroy Israel and the Jewish people and I cannot accept to have this type of person play my life. “Many Jewish organizations in the U.S. also protested casting Redgrave in the role.
Fenelon was born in Paris as Fanny Goldstein. She studied music and after becoming a professional pianist and singer took the professional stage name of Fania Fenelon. She was deported by the Nazis and spent II months playing in Bergen-Belsen.

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The musicians of Auschwitz

Author:Fania FénelonMarcelle Routier
Publisher:London : Joseph, 1977.
Edition/Format:  Print book : Biography : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Playing for time

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Playing for time

Author:Daniel MannLinda YellenArthur MillerVanessa RedgraveJane AlexanderAll authors
Publisher:[Saint Charles, Ill.] : Olive Films, [2013]
Edition/Format:  DVD video : NTSC color broadcast system : EnglishView all editions and formats
Fania Fenelon is a Jewish cabaret singer in Paris during the Nazi invasion. Fania and thousands of other Jewish and political prisoners are sent to the Auschwitz death camp. She and a group of other classical musicians are spared from death in exchange for performing music for their captors. They are also ordered to play for the thousands being herded to the gas chambers, a 'humane' means of easing the condemned into the next world.  Read less
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Playing for time

Author:Fania FénelonMarcelle RoutierMazal Holocaust Collection.
Publisher:New York : Atheneum, 1977, ©1976.
Edition/Format:  Print book : Biography : English : 1st edView all editions and formats
Contains primary source material.
An extraordinary, personal account of the women's orchestra in Auschwitz-Birkenau.
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Lewis, Anthony. “Abroad at Home: After Auschwitz.” The New York Times, October 2, 1980, p. A23.


Fénelon, a Jewish singer-pianist, is sent with other prisoners to the Auschwitz concentration camp in a crowded train during World War II. After having their belongings and clothes taken and their heads shaved, the prisoners are processed and enter the camp. Fénelon is recognized as being a famous musician and she finds that she will be able to avoid hard manual labor and survive longer by becoming a member of the prison's female orchestra,Women's Orchestra of Auschwitz.
In the process, she strikes up a close relationship with Alma Rosé, the musical group's leader, as well as the other members of the band. Realizing that the musicians get better treatment than other prisoners, Fania convinces the guards and members of the orchestra that another prisoner she had befriended, Marianne, is actually a talented singer. Although Marianne performs poorly at her audition, she is allowed to join the orchestra. Playing for the Nazis, however, robs the women of much of their dignity and most of them often questioned whether remaining alive was worth the abuse they constantly suffer.

Fania Fénelon tells her story of terror and survival at Auschwitz in Playing for Time. In German-occupied Paris, she had been a nightclub singer, well trained in both classical and popular music. The Nazis arrested her for aiding the French Resistance in 1943. Once they found out that her father, Jules Goldstein, was a Jew, they shipped her to Auschwitz-Birkenau, the combination work camp and death factory in occupied Poland. She survived the journey and the initial selection of deportees for the gas chambers, along with her friend Clara, and was recognized at the camp as a well-known musician. She had little choice but to audition by singing arias fromMadam Butterfly, and she was assigned to the orchestra.
The Auschwitz women’s orchestra was made up of some forty inmates. Within the camp, they had a special position, with adequate clothing, shelter, and toilet privileges. Yet their food was the same as that of the regular prisoners, and they were subject to the same arbitrary roll calls, beatings, and abuse. They knew that if they did not please their Schutzstaffel (SS) masters, they might at any time be “selected” for extermination. To preserve their lofty position, the “orchestra girls” had to play march music for the work gangs as they trudged to and from their barracks, “welcome” tunes as new trainloads of prisoners arrived, and various concerts for the diversion of the SS officers who ran the camp. The prisoners in the orchestra had their own hierarchy. The concert violinist, Alma Rosé, was at the top as kapo, a combination camp police officer and conductor. Just below her was the tough and humorless Tchaikowska as blockowa, or barracks’ warden. Within this madness, Fénelon tried to provide some musical leadership and human kindness to those around her.
In early 1945, the orchestra was dissolved. Fénelon and some of the other Jewish members were transported in an open boxcar to Bergen-Belsen, in north-central Germany. Conditions were far worse there, with virtually no regular food, water, or shelter from the cold winter rains. She contracted typhus and was near death when the camp was liberated by British troops in April, 1945. She was again recognized, and she mustered enough energy to sing the “Marseillaise,” the French national anthem, for the British radio reporters accompanying the liberators.
Fénelon’s narrative of her year and a half in Nazi captivity skillfully combines stories of terror, tenderness, brutality, and courage. The German SS officers who ran the camp are rightfully denounced as brutes and murderers. Joseph Kramer, the commandant, is portrayed as a stupid butcher who liked to relax with a bit of musical entertainment to forget the “difficult tasks” that he faced running a death camp. Frau Maria Mandel, the chief of the women’s camp, was even worse. Fénelon describes her as a beautiful woman, capable of appreciating fine music, but one who coldly and fanatically dedicated herself to the exploitation and extermination of the “inferiors” under her control.At one point, she “rescued” a toddler from a trip to the gas chambers, dressed him up and played with him as if he were a doll for a few days, and then gave him back to the machinery of death in the next selection.


Fanja Goldstein was born in Paris in 1908[1][2] to Jules Goldstein, an engineer in the rubber industry, and Maria Davidovna Bernstein; both of her parents were from the Russian city of Rostov-on-Don. She attended the Conservatoire de Paris, where she studied under Germaine Martinelli, obtaining a first prize in piano (despite her diminutive size and very small hands) and at the same time worked nights, singing in bars. She had two brothers, Leonide and Michel Goldstein. Her marriage to Silvio Perla (a Swiss athlete, specialist in the 5000 m) ended in divorce, which was finalized after the war.[3]
During the Second World War, she supported the French Resistance against the Nazis until her arrest and deportation toAuschwitz-Birkenau,[4] where she was a member of the girl orchestra of Auschwitz, then to Bergen-Belsen, until she was freed in 1945. Suffering from a potentially fatal case of typhus and weighing only 65 pounds, she sang for the BBC on the day of her liberation by British troops. (A Library of Congress entry for this recording gives her name as Fanja Perla, her married name at the time; her divorce from Perla was finalized after the war.)[3]
Under her pseudonym of "Fénelon" (which she took up after the war), Goldstein became a well known cabaret singer. In 1966 she went with her African-American life-partner, baritone singer Aubrey Pankey, to East Berlin. After her partner's death she returned to France. Between 1973-75, with Marcelle Routier, she wrote Sursis pour l'orchestre, a book about her experiences, based on the diary she kept at the concentration camps. It dealt with the degrading compromises survivors had to make, the black humor of inmates who would sometimes laugh hysterically over gruesome sights, the religious and national tensions among inmates (e.g. between the Jewish musicians and anti-Semitic Poles), and the normality of prostitution and lesbian relationships. At Birkenau, Fénelon was one of the two main singers, an occasional arranger of musical pieces, and even a temporary drummer, when the original drummer briefly took ill.[3]

All of the orchestra members survived the war, save for the conductor Alma Rosé, who died of a sudden illness at the camp. Most of the other survivors, particularly Anita Lasker-Wallfisch and Violette Jacquet, disagreed with the Fénelon's book's negative portrayal of Rosé, the orchestra's conductor, who, although Jewish, had been given the equivalent status of akapo. The book was translated into German and English in slightly abridged editions. Fénelon told the press at the time that she was writing another book about her life after the camps, but this never materialized.[citation needed]

Linda Yellen filmed Playing For Time using as script a dramatic adaptation by Arthur Miller. Fénelon bitterly opposed Miller's and Yellen's purportedly sanitized rendition of life in the camps and above all Yellen's casting of Vanessa Redgrave to play her. Redgrave was a well-known PLO sympathizer[5] and, standing close to six feet tall, bore little resemblance to the petite Fania. "I do not accept a person to play me who is the opposite of me ... I wanted Liza Minnelli. She's small, she's full of life, she sings and dances. Vanessa ... doesn't have a sense of humor, and that is the one thing that saved me from death in the camp", Fénelon said. She scolded Redgrave in person during a 60 Minutes interview but the actress garnered the support of the acting community. Fénelon never forgave Redgrave, but eventually softened her view of the production to concede that it was "a fair film".[6]

Playing for Time Bibliography(Critical Edition of Young Adult Fiction)

Sources for Further Study
Associated Press. “Fania Fénelon: Survived Auschwitz by Playing in Women’s Orchestra.” Boston Globe, December 22, 1983. p. 1.
“Fania Fénelon Life Inspired TV Drama.” Toronto Globe and Mail, December 22, 1983, p. E4.
“Fania Fénelon, 74, Memoirs Described Auschwitz Singing.” The New York Times, December 22, 1983, p. B12.
Freedman, Adele. “The Struggle Continues for Auschwitz Chanteuse.”Toronto Globe and Mail, November 8, 1980, p. E7.
Lewis, Anthony. “Abroad at Home: After Auschwitz.” The New York Times, October 2, 1980, p. A23.

Daniel Mann

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For other people named Daniel Mann, see Daniel Mann (disambiguation).
Daniel Mann
Daniel Mann.jpg
BornDaniel Chugerman
August 8, 1912
New York City, New York
DiedNovember 21, 1991 (aged 79)
Los Angeles, California
Spouse(s)Mary Kathleen Williams (1948[1] -?; divorced)
Sherry Presnell (divorced)
Daniel Mann, also known as Daniel Chugerman (August 8, 1912 – November 21, 1991), was an American film and television director.
Mann was born in Brooklyn, New York, the son of Helen and Samuel Chugerman, a lawyer.[1] He was a stage actor since childhood, and attendedErasmus Hall High SchoolNew York's Professional Children's School and theNeighborhood Playhouse.[2] He entered films in 1952 as a director, and is known for his excellent ear for dialogue. Most of Mann's films were adaptations from the stage (Come Back Little ShebaThe Rose TattooThe Teahouse of the August Moon) and literature (BUtterfield 8The Last Angry Man).
Mann died of heart failure in Los AngelesCalifornia, in November 1991. He is buried in the Jewish Cemetery Hillside Memorial Park. He had three children with his wife, actress Mary Kathleen Williams;[citation needed] His daughter, Erica Mann, is the widow of director Harold Ramis.[3][4]

Filmography as director[edit]