Saturday, September 28, 2013

Tarkovsky Tarkovsky's films are characterized by metaphysical themes, extremely long takes, and memorable images of exceptional beauty. Recurring motifs are dreams, memory, childhood, running water accompanied by fire, rain indoors, reflections, levitation, and characters re-appearing in the foreground of long panning movements of the camera. He once said, “Juxtaposing a person with an environment that is boundless, collating him with a countless number of people passing by close to him and far away, relating a person to the whole world, that is the meaning of cinema.” Tarkovsky included levitation scenes into several of his films, most notably Solaris. To him these scenes possess great power and are used for their photogenic value and magical inexplicability.[22] Water, clouds, and reflections were used by him for their surreal beauty and photogenic value, as well as their symbolism, such as waves or the forms of brooks or running water.[23] Bells and candles are also frequent symbols. These are symbols of film, sight and sound, and Tarkovsky's film frequently has themes of self-reflection. Tarkovsky developed a theory of cinema that he called "sculpting in time". By this he meant that the unique characteristic of cinema as a medium was to take our experience of time and alter it. Unedited movie footage transcribes time in real time. By using long takes and few cuts in his films, he aimed to give the viewers a sense of time passing, time lost, and the relationship of one moment in time to another. Up to, and including, his film The Mirror, Tarkovsky focused his cinematic works on exploring this theory. After The Mirror, he announced that he would focus his work on exploring the dramatic unities proposed by Aristotle: a concentrated action, happening in one place, within the span of a single day. Sven Nykvist[edit]In his last film, The Sacrifice, Tarkovsky worked with cinematographer Sven Nykvist, who had worked closely with director Ingmar Bergman on many of Ingmar Bergman's films. Nykvist complained that Tarkovsky would frequently look through the camera and even direct actors through it.[26] Films about Tarkovsky[edit]Voyage in Time (1983): documents the travels in Italy of Andrei Tarkovsky in preparation for the making of his film Nostalghia, Tonino Guerra. Tarkovsky: A Poet in the Cinema (1984): directed by Donatella Baglivo Ebbo Demant (1988): Auf der Suche nach der verlorenen Zeit.Andrej Tarkowskijs Exil und Tod. Documentary. Germany. One Day in the Life of Andrei Arsenevich (1999): French documentary film directed by Chris Marker References[edit]1.^ Jump up to: a b Title quote of 2003 Tarkovsky Festival Program, Pacific Film Archive 2.Jump up ^ Sipatova, Marina (2007). "Тайна рода Тарковских". Moskovskij Komsomolets (in Russian). Retrieved 2007-11-25. 3.^ Jump up to: a b Pleshakova, Anastasia (4 April 2007). "Тарковский был "разрешенным контрреволюционером"" [Tarkovsky was "a legal сounterrevolutionary"]. Komsomolskaya Pravda. Archived from the original on 4 January 2008. Retrieved 2007-11-27. 4.Jump up ^ Gianvito, John (2006). Andrei Tarkovsky: Interviews (Conversations with Filmmakers Series). University Press of Mississippi. pp. XXV. ISBN 1-57806-220-9. 5.Jump up ^ Marshall, Herbert. Sight and Sound. Vol 45, no 2. Spring 1976. p. 93. 6.Jump up ^ Tarkovsky, Andrei; translated by Kitty Hunter-Blair (1991). Time Within Time: The Diaries 1970-1986. Calcutta: Seagull Books. ISBN 81-7046-083-2. 7.^ Jump up to: a b Мир и фильмы Андрея Тарковского. Сост. А. Сандлер. [Andey Tarkovsky's world and films] (in Russian). Moscow: Iskusstvo(Искусство). 1990. ISBN 81-7046-083-2. 8.Jump up ^ Wagstaff, Peter (2004). Border crossings: mapping identities in modern Europe. Peter Lang. p. 169. ISBN 978-3-03910-279-2. Retrieved 7 March 2011. 9.Jump up ^ Komsolmoskaya Pravda, "New Tarkovsky documents surface", 15. September 1995, page 23. 10.Jump up ^ Tyrkin, Stas (23 March 2001). "In Stalker Tarkovsky foretold Chernobyl". Komsomolskaya Pravda. Archived from the original on 9 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 11.Jump up ^ Tarkovsky, Andrei (1990). "Lectures on Film Directing (notes from classes taught by Tarkovsky at the State Institute of Cinematography)". Iskusstvo Kino. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 12.Jump up ^ Illg, Jerzy (1987). "Z Andriejem Tarkowskim rozmawiają Jerzy Illg, Leonard Neuger". Res Publica (Warsaw) 1: 137–160. 13.Jump up ^ "Obituary". Literaturnaya Gazeta. 7 January 1987. 14.Jump up ^ "МУЗЕЙ А.ТАРКОВСКОГО". Retrieved 2007-11-30. 15.Jump up ^ Schmadel, Lutz (2003). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names. Springer. ISBN 3-540-00238-3. 16.Jump up ^ "Significant Documentaries". Archived from the original on 15 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-15. 17.Jump up ^ Dillon, Steven (2006). The Solaris Effect: Art and Artifice in Contemporary American Film. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-71345-1. 18.Jump up ^ Panoramio – Photo of Monument to Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography famous learner – Gennady Shpalikov, Andrei Tarkovsky and Vasily Shukshin 19.Jump up ^ Abdusalamov, Shavkat; translated by Sergei Sossinsky (1990). Feedback Effects, in About Andrei Tarkovsky, Memoirs and Biographies. Moscow: Progress Publishers. ISBN 5-01-001973-6. 20.Jump up ^ Tarkovsky, Andrei. Sculpting in Time. Trans. Kitty Hunter-Blair. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press, 2003. 21.Jump up ^ Lasica, Tom (March 1993). "Tarkovsky's Choice". Sight and Sound 3 (3). Archived from the original on 21 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-25. 22.Jump up ^ de Brantes, Charles (20 June 1986). "La foi est la seule chose qui puisse sauver l'homme". La France Catholique. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 23.Jump up ^ "English Programme Booklet for The Sacrifice" (Press release). Swedish Film Institute. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 24.Jump up ^ Chugunova, Maria (December 1966). "On Cinema – Interview with Tarkovsky". To the Screen. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 25.Jump up ^ List of Noted Film Director And Cinematographer Collaborations: Andrei Tarkovsky Vadim Yusov, Museum of Learning. [1] 26.^ Jump up to: a b The films of Andrei Tarkovsky: a visual fugue By Vida T. Johnson, Graham Petrie, p. 79 Bibliography[edit]Dunne, Nathan (2008). Tarkovsky. Black Dog Publishing. ISBN 1-906155-04-6. edited by John Gianvito. (2006). Gianvito, John, ed. Andrei Tarkovsky: Interviews (Conversations with Filmmakers Series). University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 1-57806-220-9. Le Fanu, Mark (1987). The Cinema of Andrei Tarkovsky. British Film Institute. Johnston, Vida T.; Petrie, Graham (1997). The Films of Andrei Tarkovsky: A Visual Fugue. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press. ISBN 0-253-20887-4. Martin, Sean (2005). Andrei Tarkovsky. Pocket Essentials. ISBN 1-904048-49-8. Jónsson, Gunnlaugur A.; Óttarsson, Thorkell Á. (2006). Through the Mirror: Reflections on the Films of Andrei Tarkovsky. Cambridge Scholars Press. ISBN 1-904303-11-0. revue NUNC (ed.). Dossier Andrei Tarkovsky. n°11, 2006. Editions de Corlevour [2]. Tarkovsky, Andrei (1989). Sculpting in Time. University of Texas Press [3]. ISBN 978-0-292-77624-1. Slevin, Tom (2010). "Existence, Ethics and Death in Andrei Tarkovsky's cinema: the cultural philosophy of Solaris". Film International 8 (2): 49–62. doi:10.1386/fiin.8.2.49. Tejeda, Carlos (2010). Andrei Tarkovski. Cátedra, Madrid [4]. ISBN 978-84-376-2666-6. Elmanovitš, Tatjana (1980). Ajapeegel. Andrei Tarkovski filmid (in Estonian). Eesti Raamat. Turovskaya, Maya (1991). 7½ ili Filmõ Andreya Tarkovskovo (in Russian). Iskusstvo. Alexander-Garrett, Layla (2011). Andrei Tarkovsky: A Photographic Chronicle of the Making of The Sacrifice (in English and russian). Cygnnet [5]. ISBN 978-09-570-4160-8. Most widely held works about Andreĭ Arsenʹevich Tarkovskiĭ •The films of Andrei Tarkovsky : a visual fugue by Vida T Johnson ( Book ) •The cinema of Andrei Tarkovsky by Mark Le Fanu ( Book ) •Tarkovsky : cinema as poetry by Maĭi︠a︡ Iosifovna Turovskai︠a︡ ( Book ) •Andrei Tarkovsky : elements of cinema by Robert Bird ( Book ) •Mirror by Natasha Synessios ( Book ) Tarkovsky ( Book ) Oskolki zerkala by M. A Tarkovskai︠a︡ ( Book ) Andrei Tarkovski by Antoine de Baecque ( Book ) Мир и фильмы Андрея Тарковского : размышления, исследования, воспоминания, письма ( Book ) Andrei Tarkovsky : the winding quest by Peter Green ( Book ) О Тарковском ( Book ) Meeting Andrei Tarkovsky ( Visual ) About Andrei Tarkovsky ( Book ) Жертвоприношение Андрея Тарковского by Николай Болдырев ( Book ) Bright, bright day by Andreĭ Arsenʹevich Tarkovskiĭ ( Book ) Le cinéma by Gidon Kremer ( Recording ) One day in the life of Andreĭ Arsenʹevich ( Visual ) Andrei Tarkovsky's poetics of cinema by Thomas Redwood ( Book ) Khudozhestvennai︠a︡ filosofii︠a︡ Andrei︠a︡ Tarkovskogo by I. I Evlampiev ( Book ) Ностальгия по Тарковскому ( Book )