The love of G-d which also characterize the Tzadikkim , a state of bliss on the soul level of Neshamah.
The child's love of G-d is at the root of obedience and observance of all the positive commands.This love must serve as a springboard for all positive commands performed through education.This love is described as inferior and transient as a foundation for observance of the mitzvahs performed as a result of education.This lower level of childlike love, if I may term it,possesses permanent qualities desirable and such that the adult should never depart from these qualities.To be commanded to love G-d is an expression of doing and how can emotion of the heart be so applied.?This is an anomaly resolved by the Alter Rebbe . He describes the superior degree of love that cannot be created. One can merely provide the conditions for its revelation. Meditation on the precepts arousing this love provides the "doing" factor of this love.There are two kinds of the love of G-d:
- One is the natural yearning of the soul, intrinsic to the soul, and part of G-d above.This love cannot be created.How can it be revealed in the corporeal heart?When the rational soul prevails over the gross body,subdues and subjugates the body, the divinely appointed task of the G-dly soul rectifying the animal soul is completed. (The rational soul's comprehension of G-dliness.)
- We are talking of the G-dly as contradistingfuished to the rational soul:The G-dly soul is too affect the body,that is, it's intellect and comprehension are too lofty. The rational soul embodies man's intellect and it is close to the physical body.The rational soul can comprehend G-dliness in such manner as to cause form to master matter (?) to overcome the body and its corporeality.The soul then blazes with a flame ascending of its own accord. This is not contemplative love but natural love barred initially by the corporeality of the body.The body must be mastered and refined ,a necessity for the soul's innate love of G-d to be revealed. The soul will consequently rejoice and exult in G-d its maker and will delight in Him with wondrous bliss. (QUOTE). This delight is part of the love of the divine service itself. It is itself a replacement for what might be termed the reward for divine service.
- Those meriting the state of this great love are called Tzaddikim.They alone experience this great love from the G-dly soul ,possessed by very single Jew,but not experienced by all.
- The reason for this — as the Alter Rebbe goes on to explain — is that one’s physical grossness impedes its revelation. And clearing this hurdle demands prodigious effort. (QUOTE)
- This state of love which characterizes the Tzadikkim alone requires intense refinement of physical grossness and intense Torah study and good deeds . They have a different soul level of neshamah and there or in that state divine service is intellective.
the love of G‑d [is the root and fundament] of [what motivates one to]12
“do good,” and to observe all the positive commandments of the Torah and the
כמו שיתבאר במקומן
as will be explained in their proper
“As will be explained in their proper place” refers to chs. 4 and 41
in the first part of Tanya. This reference, as the Rebbe points out,
corroborates the tradition handed down by chassidim that the Alter Rebbe
originally intended to reverse the current order, with this second part of Tanya
appearing first, as Part I, and the fifty-three chapters of the first part
becoming Part II.
ומצות החינוך היא גם כן במצוות עשה, כמו שכתוב באורח חיים,
commandment of educating [a child] includes also [training in the performance
of] positive precepts, as is stated in Orach Chayim, Section 343.)
child is to be educated to observe both prohibitive and positive commandments,
it follows that his love of G‑d, as the root and fundament of all positive
must be such that it serves as the springboard for all the positive commandments
that are performed as a result of education. We must therefore say that there
exists an inferior and transient degree of love that serves as the root and
foundation for those mitzvot that are performed as a result of education, a
degree of love distinct from the superior level that motivates an adult.
Nevertheless, as shall soon be explained, this lower level of love, too — a love
which is “according to the child’s way” — possesses certain permanent qualities
that make it desirable that “even as he grows old he will not (and indeed should
not) depart from it.”
והנה באהבה כתיב, בסוף פרשת עקב: אשר אנכי מצוה אתכם
לעשותה, לאהבה את ה׳ וגו׳
Concerning the love [of G‑d] it is written at the
end of the portion Eikev,15
“...which I command you to do — to love G‑d...”
וצריך להבין איך שייך לשון
עשיה גבי אהבה שבלב
It is necessary to understand how an expression of “doing”
can be applied to love, which is [an emotion] in the heart.
The Alter Rebbe
now proceeds to resolve this seeming anomaly. (First, however, he describes the
superior degree of love that cannot be created: one can merely provide the
conditions for its revelation.) As to the above anomaly, he now explains that
there exists a manner of love that is indeed created — by meditating upon those
concepts that arouse it. An active verb such as “doing” suits this manner of
love, since it is experienced as a result of one’s own doing.
אך הענין הוא,
דיש שני מיני אהבת ה׳
The explanation, however, is that there are two kinds of
love of G‑d:
האחת היא כלות הנפש בטבעה אל בוראה
One is the natural,
yearning love of the soul to its Creator.
Since this love is intrinsic to the
soul, which is “truly a part of G‑d above,” this love need not — and indeed
cannot — be created at all. It merely needs to be revealed. But how can such a
passionate yearning become revealed in one’s corporeal, fleshly heart?
תתגבר נפש השכלית על החומר, ותשפילהו ותכניעהו תחתיה
When the rational soul
prevails over the grossness [of the body] and subdues and subjugates it,
the Divinely-appointed task of the G‑dly soul comes to the fore: to rectify the
animal soul and refine the body by means of the rational soul’s comprehension of
G‑dliness. For the G‑dly soul’s own intellect and comprehension are too lofty to
affect the body. The rational soul, however, embodies man’s natural quality of
intellect and as such is close to the physical body. The rational soul
comprehends G‑dliness in such a manner that it is able to cause Form to master
Matter — to overmaster the body and harness its corporeality. When it actually
אזי תתלהב ותתלהט בשלהבת העולה מאליה
then [the soul] will flare
and blaze with a flame that ascends of its own accord,
It will be aflame not
with a love created through contemplation, but with a natural love whose
revelation was barred by the grossness of the body. Now, with the mastery and
refinement of the body, the soul’s innate love for G‑d can at last be
ותגל ותשמח בה׳ עושה, ותתענג על ה׳ תענוג נפלא
and [the soul] will
rejoice and exult both inwardly and outwardly in G‑d its Maker, and will delight
in Him with wondrous bliss.
In this instance the delight is part of the love
and the divine service itself, rather than a reward for the divine service, as
is sometimes the case.
והזוכים למעלת אהבה רבה זו, הם הנקראים צדיקים
those who merit the [joyous] state of this great love who are called
כדכתיב: שמחו צדיקים בה׳
as it is written,16
“Rejoice in G‑d, you tzaddikim.”
To serve G‑d with delight of this order is
the privilege of tzaddikim alone. For though the above-described love emanates
from the G‑dly soul which is possessed by every single Jew, for which reason one
would expect everyone to be able to feel it, it is nevertheless not experienced
by all. The reason for this — as the Alter Rebbe goes on to explain — is that
one’s physical grossness impedes its revelation. And clearing this hurdle
demands prodigious effort.
אך לא כל אדם זוכה לזה
Yet not everyone is
privileged to attain this state of love which characterizes tzaddikim,
צריך זיכוך החומר במאד מאד, וגם תורה ומעשים טובים הרבה
for it requires an
intense refinement of one’s physical grossness, and in addition a great deal of
Torah study and good deeds,
לזכות לנשמה עליונה
in order to merit a lofty
[soul-level of] Neshamah,
This is the soul-level whose divine service is
intellective; as the verse states,17
“The Divine Neshamah shall provide discernment.” Only this manner of divine
service can subjugate and refine man’s gross corporeality so that he is able to
delight in G‑d with wondrous bliss.