Wednesday, July 24, 2013
Jesus rejects the unripe grapes-THE CHART OF THE TANNAIM
Inefficacy of the fence around torah -excluded those intended to be included in the world to come and torah.The fences or new wine were not divinely mandated and went beyond the authority of the sages to create these fences.
"When the “new wine of the fence around the Torah” was imposed on Israel, the Great Assembly pushed “the old commandment” from the beginning of time forward in time a bit to Mt. Sinai, missing the point of Yahweh’s revelation in history altogether. They fenced the cosmic and historic events of Yahweh’s revelation out, fencing Him in along with the Torah, concealing Him from the people of God, hiding his Name. "
In effect, Yeshua (Jesus) told the Pharisees and their scribes that He and his disciples preferred “the old wine” in “the old wineskin” that is divine wine to their “new wine” in their “new wineskin” that is conceived, enacted and enforced by man.
In a remarkable play on the learned Pharisees and scribes, Yeshua (Jesus) used Jewish oral tradition to drive his point about the inefficacy of the “fence” around the Torah supported by oral tradition.
Observe the wise saying or oral tradition received and preserved in the later teachings of Rabbi ben Judah, a saying already known to Yeshua (Jesus) and the Pharisees in his audience:
Rabbi Jose b. Judah (a man) of Kefar Ha-Babli (Issi ha Babli) said: He who
learns from the young, unto what is he [to be] compared? Unto
one who eats unripe grapes, and drinks wine from his vat. And
he who learns from the old, unto what is he [to be] compared?
Unto one who eats ripe grapes and drinks old wine.
(Mishnah, ‘Avoth 4:20)
Issi ben Judah (Hebrew: איסי בן יהודה, "Issi ben Yehuda", also known as Issi Ha-babli, lit. "Babylonian Issi"), was a Tanna of the latter part of the 2nd century and the beginning of the 3rd century. He made Aliyah from Hutzal, Babylon, to the Land of Israel, and thus was also nicknamed "Issi Ha-Babli" or "Jose the man of Hutzal". He was a disciple of Eleazar ben Shammua.
He is known for his positive rabbinical opinion on "You shall rise in the presence of the aged" (Leviticus 19:32), that in other rabbinical sages opinions is said only of an elderly Talmid Chacham, and in his opinion is said of any aged.
His opinions regarding culpability for sabbath transgressions and regarding anyone's right to eat from another's vinyard were recorded in the so-called Meggilat Setarim (Scroll of Hidden Things). However, in both cases his opinion is rejected by the Rabbis.
Bava Metzia 92a; Shabbat 6b, 96b
From oral tradition the Pharisees and their scribes understood that Yeshua (Jesus) was saying that his disciples were those “who eat ripe grapes and drink old wine.” They had chosen what was “good”—the best. In Hebrew the word for “good” is tov and has the sense of being complete, finished, enough, done.
What did this say of them, but that they ate “unripe grapes” and drank wine of “unripe grapes.” The new was inferior to the old and in bad taste to the finest palate.
In both parables the Pharisees and their scribes were seen as the advocates of “the new cloth” and “the new wine” of “unripe grapes.”
How so? The last of the two parables is clearest for it explains the first parable as well. What, then, is the obvious application of the old wine since it was the better of the two choices, according to Yeshua (Jesus)?
Like the new cloth, the new wine was counter productive and destructive, rending apart the old wineskin. The old wineskin of Torah did not need the new wine of traditional law poured into it. New wine was suitable only for new wineskins. Meanwhile, the new wine that redefined Torah observance was destroying the old wineskin of Torah and should be emptied out.
The Pharisees and scribes, with great skill, had redefined Torah observance as obedience to the oral tradition of laws passed down by the Great Assembly and enforced by the Sanhedrin.
Under present conditions, reflected in the state of affairs of the Jewish state, the people of Israel were torn by the internal pressure of the new wine poured into their old wineskin and could not sustain it forever.
What was the old wine but the revelation of Yahweh in history as the Living Torah from the beginning, including but not exclusive to the giving of the written Torah at Mt. Sinai. He anticipated the written Torah from the beginning and was the fullness of it in flesh. The Torah from the beginning was the Messiah Yeshua with his eternal commandment to love God and love one another, the sum of the Torah’s commandments.
In 1 John 2:7, among other places, one of Yeshua’s apostles, namely John, taught the same thing. He taught that the old commandment, i.e., “the old wine,” as Yeshua termed it, was presented to the world “from the beginning.” In his careful wording, John pushes past the giving of the written commandments at Mt. Sinai and well past the Noachide laws, to the beginning of creation by using the Hebrew word bereishith (“in-beginning-of”). Messiah Yeshua (Jesus) is the Torah from the beginning and the fullness of it at the end.
The word bereishith is the first word of the Hebrew Bible.
This is what John wrote:
Beloved, I am not writing a new commandment to you, but an old commandment which you have had in-beginning-of [bereishith] [i.e., Yahweh’s revelation as the Word in Genesis 1].
What is “the old commandment”? John answers it in the following verses 9-11—to live or walk in “the Light of the world” from creation, namely, Yeshua (Jesus). To do so, you must receive Him as the light and reflect Him as the light of the world through loving others and, thereby, loving God.
John does not violate ancient Hebrew understandings of Scripture at all, but endorses them. He does not abolish Torah but explains it as revealed fully in the Messiah Yeshua (Jesus).
When the “new wine of the fence around the Torah” was imposed on Israel, the Great Assembly pushed “the old commandment” from the beginning of time forward in time a bit to Mt. Sinai, missing the point of Yahweh’s revelation in history altogether. They fenced the cosmic and historic events of Yahweh’s revelation out, fencing Him in along with the Torah, concealing Him from the people of God, hiding his Name.
This new wine that “fenced” the Torah was self-destructive for the chosen people of Yahweh. Let it belong elsewhere in new wineskins, but not among the chosen people Israel as a new wine of Torah observance according to traditional law.
THE CHART OF THE TANNAIM Tannaim
Last Generation of Zugot Era Hillel the Elder ·Shammai ·Bnei Bathyra ·Menahem ·Akabia ben Mahalalel ·Hananiah b. Hezekiah b. Garon
First Generation Gamaliel I, the Elder ·Shimon ben Gamliel (I) ·Ishmael ben Elisha ha-Kohen ·Johanan ben Zakai ·Jonathan ben Uzziel ·Baba ben Buta ·Hanina Ben Dosa ·Hanina Segan ha-Kohanim ·Abba Saul ben Batnit ·Admon ·Dosa ben Harkinas ·Judah ben Bathyra ·Eliezer ben Jacob I ·Nahum the Mede
(Destruction of the Second Temple and thereafter) Gamaliel II ·Joshua ben Hananiah ·Eliezer ben Hurcanus ·Eleazar ben Arach ·Nehunya ben HaKanah ·Nahum of Gimzo ·Abba Hilkiah ·Rabbi Zadok
Akiva ben Joseph ·Tarfon ·Judah ben Bava ·Rabbi Ishmael ·Eleazar ben Azariah ·Jose the Galilean ·Eliezer ben Jose ·Haninah ben Teradion ·Johanan ben Baroka ·Simon ben Zoma ·Simeon ben Azzai ·Onkelos ·Hanina ben Antigonus ·Hanina ben Hakinai ·Yochanan ben Nuri ·Eleazar Chisma ·Elisha ben Abuyah ·Rabbi Ilai I ·Eleazar of Modi'im ·Halafta ·Haninah ben Ahi R. Joshua ·Abtolemus ·Jose ben Kisma ·Jeshbab the Scribe ·Aquila of Sinope ·Johanan ben Torta ·Eleazar ben Judah of Bartota ·Matteya ben Heresh ·Hanan the Egyptian ·Simeon the Yemenite
Shimon ben Gamaliel (II) ·Judah bar Ilai ·Jose ben Halafta ·Rabbi Jonathan ·Rabbi Meir (and wife Bruriah) ·Simeon bar Yochai ·Eleazar ben Shammua ·Rabbi Nehemiah ·Rabbi Nathan ·Joshua ben Karha ·Abba Saul ·Yochanan HaSandlar ·Phinehas ben Jair ·Simeon Shezuri
Judah I ·Huna Kamma ·Jose b. Judah ·Ishmael ben Jose ·Eleazar b. Simeon ·Simeon ben Eleazar ·Eleazar ha-Kappar ·Symmachus ben Joseph ·Issi ben Judah ·Bar Kappara ·Jose ben Zimra ·Levi ben Sisi ·Rabbi Bana'ah ·Simeon b. Menasya ·Yadua the Babylonian ·Joshua ben Levi