Thursday, November 5, 2009

Ezra Pound's seminal influence modernism
Pound's arrest by Partisans and soon release and relocation by the government and detention at the camp at Pisa and nervous breakdown gave rise to the Pisan Cantos, a meditation on his own and Europe's ruin. It won the Bollingen prize from the Library of Congress.
After Allied forces had landed
in Sicily and began to overrun the southern part of Italy in July, 1943,
Mussolini was dismissed by King Victor Emmanuel III
and interned at the mountain resort of Gran Sasso. Two months later, Mussolini
was freed by German troops
and relocated to the north, where a Fascist Republic
was established.
Pound also moved northwards[17] On May 3,
1945, as Mussolini's puppet regime tumbled, Pound was arrested by partisans and
taken (according to Hugh Kenner) "to their HQ in Chiavari,
where he was soon released as possessing no interest." At his request, he was
then brought to the U.S. command in Lavagna, whence he was driven to
the C.I.C. in Genoa. On May 24 he was
transferred from Genoa to a United States Army
detention camp north of Pisa. He spent 25 days in an open
cage before being given a tent, and appears to have suffered a nervous breakdown. He
drafted the Pisan Cantos in the camp. This section of the work in progress marks
a shift in Pound's work, being a meditation on his own and Europe's ruin and on
his place in the natural world. The Pisan Cantos won the first Bollingen Prize from the
Library of Congress in 1949.

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